II. New Zn iv and Zn v oscillator strengths and their validation in the hot white dwarfs G191−B2B and RE 0503−289⋆,⋆⋆,⋆⋆⋆
Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Kepler Center for Astro and
Particle Physics, Eberhard Karls University, Sand 1, 72076
2 Astrophysique et Spectroscopie, Université de Mons – UMONS, 7000 Mons, Belgium
3 IPNAS, Université de Liège, Sart Tilman, 4000 Liège, Belgium
4 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt MD 20771, USA
Accepted: 3 March 2014
Context. For the spectral analysis of high-resolution and high-signal-to-noise (S/N) spectra of hot stars, state-of-the-art non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) model atmospheres are mandatory. These are strongly dependent on the reliability of the atomic data that is used for their calculation. In a recent analysis of the ultraviolet (UV) spectrum of the DA-type white dwarf G191−B2B, 21 Zn iv lines were newly identified. Because of the lack of Zn iv data, transition probabilities of the isoelectronic Ge vi were adapted for a first, coarse determination of the photospheric Zn abundance.
Methods. We performed new calculations of Zn iv and Zn v oscillator strengths to consider their radiative and collisional bound-bound transitions in detail in our NLTE stellar-atmosphere models for the analysis of the Zn iv – v spectrum exhibited in high-resolution and high-S/N UV observations of G191−B2B and RE 0503−289.
Results. In the UV spectrum of G191−B2B, we identify 31 Zn iv and 16 Zn v lines. Most of these are identified for the first time in any star. We can reproduce well almost all of them at log Zn = −5.52 ± 0.2 (mass fraction, about 1.7 times solar). In particular, the Zn iv / Zn v ionization equilibrium, which is a very sensitive Teff indicator, is well reproduced with the previously determined and log g = 7.60 ± 0.05. In the spectrum of RE 0503−289, we identified 128 Zn v lines for the first time and determined log Zn = −3.57 ± 0.2 (155 times solar).
Conclusions. Reliable measurements and calculations of atomic data are a pre-requisite for stellar-atmosphere modeling. Observed Zn iv and Zn v line profiles in two white dwarf (G191−B2B and RE 0503−289) ultraviolet spectra were well reproduced with our newly calculated oscillator strengths. This allowed us to determine the photospheric Zn abundance of these two stars precisely.
Key words: atomic data / line: identification / stars: abundances / stars: individual: G191-B2B / virtual observatory tools / stars: individual: RE 0503-289
Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26666.
Tables 1 and 2 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/564/A41
© ESO, 2014