Volume 563, March 2014
|Number of page(s)||33|
|Published online||12 March 2014|
Ground-based astrometry with wide field imagers
1 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
2 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore MD-21218, USA
3 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore MD-21218, USA
5 Gemini Observatory, N. Aohoku place 670, Hilo, Hawaii 96720, USA
6 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, Garching, 85748 München, Germany
7 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National University, Cotter Road, Weston ACT 2611, Australia
Received: 11 June 2013
Accepted: 18 December 2013
High-precision astrometry requires accurate point-spread function modeling and accurate geometric-distortion corrections. This paper demonstrates that it is possible to achieve both requirements with data collected at the high acuity wide-field K-band imager (HAWK-I), a wide-field imager installed at the Nasmyth focus of UT4/VLT ESO 8 m telescope. Our final astrometric precision reaches ~3 mas per coordinate for a well-exposed star in a single image with a systematic error less than 0.1 mas. We constructed calibrated astro-photometric catalogs and atlases of seven fields: the Baade’s window, NGC 6656, NGC 6121, NGC 6822, NGC 6388, NGC 104, and the James Webb Space Telescope calibration field (in the Large Magellanic Cloud). We make these catalogs and images electronically available to the community. Furthermore, as a demonstration of the efficacy of our approach, we combined archival material taken with the optical wide-field imager at the MPI/ESO 2.2 m with HAWK-I observations. We showed that we are able to achieve an excellent separation between cluster members and field objects for NGC 6656 and NGC 6121 with a time base-line of about 8 years. Using both HST and HAWK-I data, we also study the radial distribution of the SGB populations in NGC 6656 and conclude that the radial trend is flat within our uncertainty. We also provide membership probabilities for most of the stars in NGC 6656 and NGC 6121 catalogs and estimate membership for the published variable stars in these two fields.
Key words: instrumentation: detectors / astrometry / techniques: image processing / Galaxy: bulge / globular clusters: general / proper motions
Catalogs, fortran code, and distortion maps are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/563/A80
© ESO, 2014
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