Volume 562, February 2014
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||24 February 2014|
Two spotted and magnetic early B-type stars in the young open cluster NGC 2264 discovered by MOST and ESPaDOnS⋆,⋆⋆
Argelander-Institut für Astronomie der Universität
Bonn, Auf dem Hügel
2 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, K. U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
3 University of Vienna, Department of Astronomy, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver V6T 1Z1, Canada
5 UJF-Grenoble 1/CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG) UMR 5274, 38041 Grenoble, France
6 LESIA-Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC Univ., Univ. Paris-Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Principal Cedex, France
7 Department of Physics, Royal Military College of Canada, PO Box 17000, Stn Forces, Kingston K7K 7B4, Canada
8 The University of Texas at Austin, McDonald Observatory, 82 Mt. Locke Rd., McDonald Observatory, Texas, 79734, USA
9 Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 17 Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium
Received: 7 December 2013
Accepted: 15 January 2014
Star clusters are known as superb tools for understanding stellar evolution. In a quest for understanding the physical origin of magnetism and chemical peculiarity in about 7% of the massive main-sequence stars, we analysed two of the ten brightest members of the ~10 Myr old Galactic open cluster NGC 2264, the early B-dwarfs HD 47887 and HD 47777. We find accurate rotation periods of 1.95 and 2.64 days, respectively, from MOST photometry. We obtained ESPaDOnS spectropolarimetric observations, through which we determined stellar parameters, detailed chemical surface abundances, projected rotational velocities, and the inclination angles of the rotation axis. Because we found only small (<5 km s-1) radial velocity variations, most likely caused by spots, we can rule out that HD 47887 and HD 47777 are close binaries. Finally, using the least-squares deconvolution technique, we found that both stars possess a large-scale magnetic field with an average longitudinal field strength of about 400 G. From a simultaneous fit of the stellar parameters we determine the evolutionary masses of HD 47887 and HD 47777 to be 9.4+0.6-0.7 M⊙ and 7.6+0.5-0.5 M⊙. Interestingly, HD 47777 shows a remarkable helium underabundance, typical of helium-weak chemically peculiar stars, while the abundances of HD 47887 are normal, which might imply that diffusion is operating in the lower mass star but not in the slightly more massive one. Furthermore, we argue that the rather slow rotation, as well as the lack of nitrogen enrichment in both stars, can be consistent with both the fossil and the binary hypothesis for the origin of the magnetic field. However, the presence of two magnetic and apparently single stars near the top of the cluster mass-function may speak in favour of the latter.
Key words: stars: fundamental parameters / stars: early-type / stars: individual: HD 47887 / stars: individual: HD 47777 / open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 2264 / stars: magnetic field
Based on data from the MOST satellite, a Canadian Space Agency mission, jointly operated by Microsatellite Systems Canada Inc. (MSCI), formerly part of Dynacon, Inc., the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies and the University of British Columbia with the assistance of the University of Vienna.
© ESO, 2014
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.