Volume 562, February 2014
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||06 February 2014|
1 Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281-S9, 9000 Gent, Belgium
2 SUPA, Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh, EH9 3HJ, UK
(Scottish Universities Physics Alliance)
3 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
4 INAF – IASF Bologna, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
6 Department of Physics and Astrophysics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
7 Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
8 Technical University of Denmark, Department of Physics, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
9 Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, 13388 Marseille, France
10 Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, The University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia
11 Herschel Science Centre (ESA-ESAC), 28.692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
12 INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Emilio Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (LC), Italy
13 ASI Science Data Centre, via Galileo Galilei, 00044 Frascati (RM), Italy
14 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via di Frascati, 33, 00040 Monteporzio Catone, Italy
15 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
16 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
17 Laboratoire AIM-Paris-Saclay, CEA/DSM/Irfu – CNRS – Université Paris Diderot, CE-Saclay, pt courrier 131, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
18 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095, CNRS, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
19 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via Frascati 33, 00040 Monte Porzio Catone (RM), Italy
20 Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, 07778 Tautenburg, Germany
21 The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, AlbaNova, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
22 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK
23 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
24 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Received: 14 October 2013
Accepted: 25 November 2013
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) have been proposed as a tool for studying star formation in the Universe, so it is crucial to investigate whether their host galaxies and immediate environments are in any way special compared with other star-forming galaxies. Here we present spatially resolved maps of dust emission of the host galaxyof the closest known GRB 980425 at z = 0.0085 using our new high-resolution observations from Herschel, Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX), Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) and Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA). We modelled the spectral energy distributions of the host and of the star-forming region displaying the Wolf-Rayet signatures in the spectrum (WR region), located 800 pc from the GRB position. The host is characterised by low dust content and a high fraction of UV-visible star formation, similar to other dwarf galaxies. These galaxies are abundant in the local universe, so it is not surprising to find a GRB in one of them, assuming the correspondence between the GRB rate and star formation. The WR region contributes substantially to the host emission at the far-infrared, millimetre, and radio wavelengths and we propose that this is a consequence of its high gas density. If dense environments are also found close to the positions of other GRBs, then the ISM density should also be considered, along with metallicity, an important factor influencing whether a given stellar population can produce a GRB.
Key words: dust, extinction / galaxies: individual: ESO 184-G82 / galaxies: star formation / submillimeter: galaxies / gamma-ray burst: individual: 980425 / galaxies: ISM
Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.
Reduced images as FITS files are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/562/A70
© ESO, 2014
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