Volume 562, February 2014
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||05 February 2014|
CoRoT 223992193: A new, low-mass, pre-main sequence eclipsing binary with evidence of a circumbinary disk⋆
Sub-department of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University
of Oxford, Keble
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
3 UJF-Grenoble 1/CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG) UMR 5274, 38041 Grenoble, France
4 Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA, UK
5 Departamento de Física – ICEx – UFMG, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, 30270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
6 Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, UK
7 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
8 Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
9 Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
10 Centro de Astrobiología (INTA-CSIC); ESAC Campus, PO Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Spain
11 European Space Agency, 8–10 rue Mario Nikis, 75738 Paris Cedex 15, France
12 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
Accepted: 10 November 2013
We present the discovery of CoRoT 223992193, a double-lined, detached eclipsing binary, comprising two pre-main sequence M dwarfs, discovered by the CoRoT space mission during a 23-day observation of the 3 Myr old NGC 2264 star-forming region. Using multi-epoch optical and near-IR follow-up spectroscopy with FLAMES on the Very Large Telescope and ISIS on the William Herschel Telescope we obtain a full orbital solution and derive the fundamental parameters of both stars by modelling the light curve and radial velocity data. The orbit is circular and has a period of 3.8745745 ± 0.0000014 days. The masses and radii of the two stars are 0.67 ± 0.01 and 0.495 ± 0.007 M⊙ and 1.30 ± 0.04 and 1.11-0.05+0.04 R⊙, respectively. This system is a useful test of evolutionary models of young low-mass stars, as it lies in a region of parameter space where observational constraints are scarce; comparison with these models indicates an apparent age of ~3.5–6 Myr. The systemic velocity is within 1σ of the cluster value which, along with the presence of lithium absorption, strongly indicates cluster membership. The CoRoT light curve also contains large-amplitude, rapidly evolving out-of-eclipse variations, which are difficult to explain using starspots alone. The system’s spectral energy distribution reveals a mid-infrared excess, which we model as thermal emission from a small amount of dust located in the inner cavity of a circumbinary disk. In turn, this opens up the possibility that some of the out-of-eclipse variability could be due to occultations of the central stars by material located at the inner edge or in the central cavity of the circumbinary disk.
Key words: binaries: eclipsing / stars: pre-main sequence / binaries: spectroscopic / stars: individual: CoRoT 223992193 / open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 2264 / protoplanetary disks
© ESO, 2014
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