Volume 559, November 2013
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||29 October 2013|
Tensile and shear strength of porous dust agglomerates
Institut für Astronomie and Astrophysik, Eberhard Karls Universität
Auf der Morgenstelle 10,
2 Physikalisches Institut, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
Accepted: 23 August 2013
Context. Within the sequential accretion scenario of planet formation, planets are built up through a sequence of sticking collisions. The outcome of collisions between porous dust aggregates is very important for the growth from very small dust particles to planetesimals. In this work we determine the necessary material properties of dust aggregates as a function of porosity.
Aims. Continuum models such as SPH that are capable of simulating collisions of macroscopic dust aggregates require a set of material parameters. Some of them, such as the tensile and shear strength, are difficult to obtain from laboratory experiments. The aim of this work is to determine these parameters from ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.
Methods. We simulated the behavior of porous dust aggregates using a detailed micro-physical model of the interaction of spherical grains that includes adhesion forces, rolling, twisting, and sliding. Using different methods of preparing the samples, we studied the strength behavior of our samples with varying porosity and coordination number of the material.
Results. For the tensile strength, we can reproduce data from laboratory experiments very well. For the shear strength, there are no experimental data available. The results from our simulations differ significantly from previous theoretical models, which indicates that the latter might not be sufficient to describe porous dust aggregates.
Conclusions. We have provided the functional behavior of tensile and shear strength of porous dust aggregates as a function of the porosity, which can be directly applied to continuum simulations of these objects in planet formation scenarios.
Key words: planets and satellites: formation / methods: numerical
© ESO, 2013
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