XIV. Time delay of the doubly lensed quasar SDSS J1001+5027
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, II Block, Koramangala, 560 034
2 Laboratoire d’astrophysique, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire de Sauverny, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
3 Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute, Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Astronomicheskaya 33, 100052 Tashkent, Uzbekistan
4 Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août, 17, 4000 Sart Tilman, Liège 1, Belgium
5 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
Accepted: 8 July 2013
This paper presents optical R-band light curves and the time delay of the doubly imaged gravitationally lensed quasar SDSS J1001+5027 at a redshift of 1.838. We have observed this target for more than six years, between March 2005 and July 2011, using the 1.2-m Mercator Telescope, the 1.5-m telescope of the Maidanak Observatory, and the 2-m Himalayan Chandra Telescope. Our resulting light curves are composed of 443 independent epochs, and show strong intrinsic quasar variability, with an amplitude of the order of 0.2 magnitudes. From this data, we measure the time delay using five different methods, all relying on distinct approaches. One of these techniques is a new development presented in this paper. All our time-delay measurements are perfectly compatible. By combining them, we conclude that image A is leading B by 119.3 ± 3.3 days (1σ, 2.8% uncertainty), including systematic errors. It has been shown recently that such accurate time-delay measurements offer a highly complementary probe of dark energy and spatial curvature, as they independently constrain the Hubble constant. The next mandatory step towards using SDSS J1001+5027 in this context will be the measurement of the velocity dispersion of the lensing galaxy, in combination with deep Hubble Space Telescope imaging.
Key words: gravitational lensing: strong / cosmological parameters / quasars: individual: SDSS J1001+5027
Based on observations made with the 2.0-m Himalayan Chandra Telescope (Hanle, India), the 1.5-m AZT-22 telescope (Maidanak Observatory, Uzbekistan), and the 1.2-m Mercator Telescope. Mercator is operated on the island of La Palma by the Flemish Community, at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.
Light curves are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/557/A44
© ESO, 2013