Volume 557, September 2013
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||05 September 2013|
New companions in the stellar systems of DI Cha, Sz 22, CHXR 32, and Cha Hα 5 in the Chamaeleon I star-forming region⋆,⋆⋆
Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitäts-Sternwarte, Universität
2 Departamento de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de Valparaíso, Avenida Gran Bretaña 1111, Valparaíso, Chile
3 Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Split, Teslina 12, 21000 Split, Croatia
Received: 29 October 2012
Accepted: 14 May 2013
Context. The star-forming regions in Chamaeleon (Cha) are among the nearest (distance ~165 pc) and youngest (age ~2 Myr) conglomerates of recently formed stars and among the ideal targets for studies of star formation.
Aims. We search for new, hitherto unknown binary or multiple-star components and investigate their membership in Cha and their gravitationally bound nature.
Methods. We used the Naos-Conica (NACO) instrument at the Very Large Telescope Unit 4/YEPUN of the Paranal Observatory, at 2 or 3 different epochs, in order to obtain relative and absolute astrometric measurements, as well as differential photometry in the J, H, and Ks band. On the basis of known proper motions and these observations, we analysed the astrometric results in our proper motion diagrams (PMD: angular separation/position angle versus time) to eliminate possible (non-moving) background stars and establish co-moving binaries and multiples.
Results. DI Cha turns out to be a quadruple system with a hierachical structure, consisting of two binaries: a G2/M6 pair and a co-moving pair of two M5.5 dwarfs. For both pairs we detected orbital motion (P ~ 130 and ~65 years respectively), although in opposite directions. Sz 22 is a binary whose main component is embedded in a circumstellar disc or reflection nebula, accompanied by a co-moving M4.5 dwarf. CHXR 32 is a triple system, consisting of a single G5 star, weakened by an edge-on disc and a co-moving pair of M1/M3.5 dwarfs whose components show significant variations in their angular separation. Finally, Cha Hα 5 is a binary consisting of two unresolved M6.5 dwarfs whose strong variations in position angle at its projected separation of only 8 AU imply an orbital period of ~46 years. DI Cha D and Cha Hα 5 A and B are right at the stellar mass limit and could possibly be brown dwarfs.
Conclusions. In spite of various previously published studies of the star-forming regions in Cha we still found four hitherto unknown components in young low-mass binaries and multiple systems. All are gravitationally bound, and at least the case Cha Hα 5 presents a link between our high-resolution astrometry and the radial velocity method, avoiding a blind gap of detection possibility.
Key words: stars: imaging / stars: pre-main sequence / binaries: visual / brown dwarfs / astrometry / infrared: stars
Based on observations made with ESO telescopes at the Paranal Observatory under programme IDs 076.C-0292(A), 080.C-0424(A), 082.C-0489(A) and data obtained from the ESO/ST-ECF Science Archive Facility from the Paranal Observatory under programme ID 076.C-0579(A) and from the Hubble Space Telescope under programme ID SNAP-8216.
Tables 5, 6 and 9 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2013
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