Two barium stars in the Galactic bulge⋆
1 University of Vienna, Department of Astrophysics, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria
e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, 64100 Teramo, Italy
Received: 4 April 2013
Accepted: 30 April 2013
Context. Barium stars conserve important information on the s-process and the third dredge-up in intermediate mass stars. Their discovery in various environments is therefore of great help in testing nucleosynthesis and mixing models.
Aims. Our aim is to analyse two stars with a very strong barium line detected in a large survey of red giants in the Galactic bulge.
Methods. Abundance analysis was done comparing synthetic model spectra based on the COMARCS code with our medium resolution spectra. Abundances of Ba, La, Y, and Fe were determined. Beside the two main targets, the analysis was also applied to two comparison stars.
Results. We confirm that both stars are barium stars. They are the first ones of this kind identified in the Galactic bulge. Their barium excesses are among the largest values found up to now. The elemental abundances are compared with current nucleosynthesis and mixing models. Furthermore, we estimate a frequency of barium stars in the Galactic bulge of about 1%, which is identical to the value for disc stars.
Key words: stars: late-type / stars: abundances / nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances
© ESO, 2013