Volume 553, May 2013
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Published online||18 April 2013|
Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Eberhard Karls
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße, 85741 Garching, Germany
Received: 3 January 2013
Accepted: 5 March 2013
Aims. We present the results obtained from the analysis of three XMM-Newton observations of M 83. The aims of the paper are studying the X-ray source populations in M 83 and calculating the X-ray luminosity functions of X-ray binaries for different regions of the galaxy.
Methods. We detected 189 sources in the XMM-Newton field of view in the energy range of 0.2–12 keV. We constrained their nature by means of spectral analysis, hardness ratios, studies of the X-ray variability, and cross-correlations with catalogues in X-ray, optical, infrared, and radio wavelengths.
Results. We identified and classified 12 background objects, five foreground stars, two X-ray binaries, one supernova remnant candidate, one super-soft source candidate and one ultra-luminous X-ray source. Among these sources, we classified for the first time three active galactic nuclei (AGN) candidates. We derived X-ray luminosity functions of the X-ray sources in M 83 in the 2–10 keV energy range, within and outside the D25 ellipse, correcting the total X-ray luminosity function for incompleteness and subtracting the AGN contribution. The X-ray luminosity function inside the D25 ellipse is consistent with that previously observed by Chandra. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test shows that the X-ray luminosity function of the outer disc and the AGN luminosity distribution are uncorrelated with a probability of ~99.3%. We also found that the X-ray sources detected outside the D25 ellipse and the uniform spatial distribution of AGNs are spatially uncorrelated with a significance of 99.5%. We interpret these results as an indication that part of the observed X-ray sources are X-ray binaries in the outer disc of M 83.
Key words: galaxies: individual: M 33 / X-rays: galaxies
Based on observations obtained with XMM-Newton, an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and NASA.
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
Appendix B is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/553/A7
© ESO, 2013
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