Chemical abundances of 1111 FGK stars from the HARPS GTO planet search program
1 Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Portugal
4 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
5 Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Ch. des Mailletes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
Received: 12 April 2012
Accepted: 10 July 2012
Context. We performed a uniform and detailed abundance analysis of 12 refractory elements (Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, Cr, Ni, Co, Sc, Mn, and V) for a sample of 1111 FGK dwarf stars from the HARPS GTO planet search program. Of these stars, 109 are known to harbor giant planetary companions and 26 stars are exclusively hosting Neptunians and super-Earths.
Aims. The two main goals of this paper are to investigate whether there are any differences between the elemental abundance trends for stars of different stellar populations and to characterize the planet host and non-host samples in terms of their [X/H]. The extensive study of this sample, focused on the abundance differences between stars with and without planets will be presented in a parallel paper.
Methods. The equivalent widths of spectral lines were automatically measured from HARPS spectra with the ARES code. The abundances of the chemical elements were determined using an LTE abundance analysis relative to the Sun, with the 2010 revised version of the spectral synthesis code MOOG and a grid of Kurucz ATLAS9 atmospheres. To separate the Galactic stellar populations we applied both a purely kinematical approach and a chemical method.
Results. We found that the chemically separated (based on the Mg, Si, and Ti abundances) thin- and thick disks are also chemically disjunct for Al, Sc, Co, and Ca. Some bifurcation might also exist for Na, V, Ni, and Mn, but there is no clear boundary of their [X/Fe] ratios. We confirm that an overabundance in giant-planet host stars is clear for all studied elements.We also confirm that stars hosting only Neptunian-like planets may be easier to detect around stars with similar metallicities than around non-planet hosts, although for some elements (particulary α-elements) the lower limit of [X/H] is very abrupt.
Key words: stars: abundances / planetary systems / stars: fundamental parameters / Galaxy: disk / solar neighborhood / stars: kinematics and dynamics
Based on observations collected at the La Silla Paranal Observatory, ESO (Chile) with the HARPS spectrograph at the 3.6-m telescope (ESO runs ID 72.C-0488, 082.C-0212, and 085.C-0063).
Full Tables 4, 5, and the table with EWs of the lines are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/545/A32
Figure A.1 is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2012