Volume 545, September 2012
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||14 September 2012|
A tool for the fast computation of photometry and radial velocity induced by stellar spots
Centro de Astrofísica, Universidade do Porto,
Rua das Estrelas,
2 UJF-Grenoble 1/CNRS-INSU, Institut de Plantologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG) UMR 5274, 38041 Grenoble, France
3 Departamento de Fisica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal
Accepted: 23 June 2012
We define and put at the disposal of the community SOAP, Spot Oscillation And Planet, a software tool that simulates the effect of stellar spots and plages on radial velocimetry and photometry. This paper describes the tool release and provides instructions for its use. We present detailed tests with previous computations and real data to assess the code’s performance and to validate its suitability. We characterize the variations of the radial velocity, line bisector, and photometric amplitude as a function of the main variables: projected stellar rotational velocity, filling factor of the spot, resolution of the spectrograph, linear limb-darkening coefficient, latitude of the spot, and inclination of the star. Finally, we model the spot distributions on the active stars HD 166435, TW Hya and HD 189733, which reproduce the observations. We show that the software is remarkably fast, allowing several evolutions in its capabilities that could be performed to study the next challenges in the exoplanetary field connected with the stellar variability.
Key words: methods: numerical / planetary systems / techniques: radial velocities / techniques: photometric / stars: activity / starspots
The tool is available at http://www.astro.up.pt/soap
© ESO, 2012
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