Thermal and photophoretic properties of dust mantled chondrules and sorting in the solar nebula
Faculty of physics, University of Duisburg-Essen, Lotharstr. 1, 47057 Duisburg, Germany
Received: 8 February 2012
Accepted: 23 June 2012
Many chondrules are found to be surrounded by a fine grained rim. Supposedly, these rims were acquired from dust accreted to the chondrules in a protoplanetary disk. In numerical simulations we study the heat transfer in illuminated bare and dust mantled chondrules. The calculations consider the chondrule size, the dust mantle size, and the thermal conductivities of both components as parameters. We calculate the photophoretic force and compare the numerical results to analytical approximations. We give an expression to quantify the photophoretic force on a spherical particle in the free molecular regime to better than 2%. We describe the influence of a dust mantle on the photophoretic strength by an effective thermal conductivity of the core-mantle particle. The effective thermal conductivity significantly depends on the size ratio between mantle and chondrule but not on the absolute sizes. It also strongly depends on the thermal conductivity of the mantle with minor influence of the thermal conductivity of the chondrule. The size ratio between rim and chondrule in meteorites is found to vary systematically with overall size by other authors. Based on this, our calculations show that a photophoretic size sorting can occur for dust mantled chondrules in optically thin disks or at the evolving inner edge of the solar nebula.
Key words: acceleration of particles / conduction / radiation mechanisms: thermal / radiative transfer / methods: numerical / protoplanetary disks
© ESO, 2012