Volume 543, July 2012
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||12 July 2012|
Near-infrared spectroscopy of a nitrogen-loud quasar SDSS J1707+6443
1 Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ehime University, 2-5 Bunkyo-cho, 790-8577 Matsuyama, Japan
2 The Hakubi Center for Advanced Research, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Ushinomiya-cho, Sakyo-ku, 606-8302 Kyoto, Japan
3 Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, 606-8502 Kyoto, Japan
4 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Largo E. Fermi 2, 50125 Firenze, Italy
5 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Roma, Via di Frascati 33, 00040 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy
6 Cavendish Laboratory, Univerisy of Cambridge, 19 J. J. Thomson Ave., Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK
7 Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, 181-8588 Mitaka, Japan
8 Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University, 2-5 Bunkyo-cho, 790-8577 Matsuyama, Japan
9 Astronomical Institute, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Aoba, 980-8578 Sendai, Japan
Received: 18 November 2011
Accepted: 21 May 2012
We present near-infrared spectroscopy of the z ≃ 3.2 quasar SDSS J1707+6443, obtained with MOIRCS on the Subaru Telescope. This quasar is classified as a “nitrogen-loud” quasar because of the fairly strong N iii] and N iv] semi-forbidden emission lines from the broad-line region (BLR) observed in its rest-frame UV spectrum. However, our rest-frame optical spectrum from MOIRCS shows strong [O iii] emission from the narrow-line region (NLR), suggesting that, at variance with the BLR, NLR gas is not metal-rich. To reconcile these contradictory results, there may be two alternative possibilities: (1) the strong nitrogen lines from the BLR are simply caused by a very high relative abundance of nitrogen and not by a very high BLR metallicity, or (2) the BLR metallicity is not representative of the metallicity of the host galaxy, which is better traced by the NLR. In either case, the strong broad nitrogen lines in the UV spectrum are ot indication of a chemically enriched host galaxy. We estimated the black hole mass and Eddington ratio of this quasar from the velocity width of both C iv and Hβ, which results in log (MBH/M⊙) = 9.50 and log (Lbol/LEdd) = −0.34. The relatively high Eddington ratio is consistent with our earlier result that strong nitrogen emission from BLRs is associated with high Eddington ratios. Finally, we detected significant [Ne iii] emission from the NLR, implying a quite high gas density of ne ~ 106 cm-3 and suggesting a strong coupling between quasar activity and dense interstellar clouds in the host galaxy.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: nuclei / quasars: emission lines / quasars: individual: SDSS J1707+6443
© ESO, 2012
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.