1 Department of Physics, Gustaf Hällströmin katu 2a, PO Box 64, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
2 Nordic Optical Telescope, 38700 Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
3 Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO, University of Turku, Väisäläntie 20, 21500 Piikkiö, Finland
4 Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Blvd., Box 9501, Nashville, TN 37209, USA
Received: 7 March 2012
Accepted: 9 May 2012
Aims. We investigate the spot activity of the young magnetically active main sequence star LQ Hya. Our aims are to identify possible active longitudes, estimate the differential rotation, and study long and short term changes in the activity.
Methods. Our analysis is based on 24 years of Johnson V-band photometry of LQ Hya obtained with the T3 0.4 m Automated Telescope at the Fairborn Observatory. We use the previously published continuous period search (CPS) method to model the evolution of the light curve of LQ Hya. The CPS fits a Fourier series model to short overlapping subsets of data. This enables us to monitor the evolution of the light curve and thus the spot configuration of the star with a higher time resolution.
Results. We find seasonal variability in the mean level and amplitude of the light curve of LQ Hya. The variability of the light curve amplitude seems not to be cyclic, but the long-term variations in the mean magnitude may be indicative of an approximately 13 year cycle. However, because of the limited length of the observed time series, it is not yet possible to determine whether this structure really represents an activity cycle. Based on fluctuations of the light curve period, we estimate the differential rotation of the star to be small, and the star is potentially very close to a rigid rotator. We search for active longitudes from the inferred epochs of the light curve minima. We find that on time scales up to six months there are typically one or two relatively stable active areas on the star with limited phase migration. On the other hand, on time scales longer than one year, no stable active longitudes have been present except for the period between 2003 and 2009 and possibly also some time before 1995. Neither do we find any signs of flip-flops with a regular period. The mean time scale of change of the light curve during the observation period is determined to be of the same order of magnitude as the estimated convective turnover time for the star.
Key words: stars: activity / starspots / stars: individual: LQ Hya
The analysed photometry and numerical results of the analysis are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/542/A38
© ESO, 2012