Volume 542, June 2012
GREAT: early science results
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||10 May 2012|
GREAT [C ii] and CO observations of the BD+40°4124 region
1 SOFIA-USRA, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 232-12, Building N232, Rm. 146, PO Box 1, Moffett Field, CA 94035-0001, USA
2 Max Planck Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3 I. Physikalisches Institut der Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Straße 77, 50937 Köln, Germany
Received: 31 January 2012
Accepted: 7 February 2012
The BD+40°4124 region was observed with high angular and spectral resolution with the German heterodyne instrument GREAT in CO J = 13 → 12 and [C ii] on SOFIA. These observations show that the [C ii] emission is very strong in the reflection nebula surrounding the young Herbig Ae/Be star BD+40°4124. A strip map over the nebula shows that the [C ii] emission approximately coincides with the optical nebulosity. The strongest [C ii] emission is centered on the B2 star and a deep spectrum shows that it has faint wings, which suggests that the ionized gas is expanding. We also see faint CO J = 13 → 12 at the position of BD+40°4124, which suggests that the star may still be surrounded by an accretion disk. We also detected [C ii] emission and strong CO J = 13 → 12 toward V 1318 Cyg. Here the [C i] emission is fainter than in BD+40°4124 and appears to come from the outflow, since it shows red and blue wings with very little emission at the systemic velocity, where the CO emission is quite strong. It therefore appears that in the broad ISO beam the [C ii] emission was dominated by the reflection nebula surrounding BD+40°4124, while the high J CO lines originated from the adjacent younger and more deeply embedded binary system V 1318 Cyg.
Key words: circumstellar matter / ISM: molecules / stars: pre-main sequence / photon-dominated region (PDR) / stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
© ESO, 2012
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