Volume 541, May 2012
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||10 May 2012|
Accretion dynamics in the classical T Tauri star V2129 Ophiuchi⋆
1 Departamento de Física – ICEx – UFMG, Av. Antônio Carlos 6627, 30270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
2 UJF-Grenoble 1 / CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG) UMR 5274, 38041 Grenoble, France
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-3800, USA
4 IRAP-UMR 5277, CNRS and Univ. de Toulouse, 14 Av. E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
5 Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Space Sciences Building, Ithaca, NY 14853-6801, USA
6 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
7 Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute of the Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Astronomicheskaya 33, 700052 Tashkent, Uzbekistan
8 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (LC), Italy
Received: 3 November 2011
Accepted: 5 March 2012
Context. Classical T Tauri stars are variable objects on several timescales, but just a few of them have been studied in detail, with different observational techniques and over many rotational cycles to enable the analysis of the stellar and circumstellar variations on rotational timescales.
Aims. We test the dynamical predictions of the magnetospheric accretion model with synoptic data of the classical T Tauri star V2129 Oph obtained over several rotational cycles.
Methods. We analyze high resolution observations obtained with the HARPS, ESPaDOnS, and SMARTS spectrographs and simultaneous photometric measurements, clearly sampling four rotational cycles, and fit them with cold/hot spot models and radiative transfer models of emission lines.
Results. The photometric variability and the radial velocity variations in the photospheric lines can be explained by the rotational modulation due to cold spots, while the radial velocity variations of the He i (5876 Å) line and the veiling variability are due to hot spot rotational modulation. The hot and cold spots are located at high latitudes and about the same phase, but the hot spot is expected to sit at the chromospheric level, while the cold spot is at the photospheric level. The mass-accretion rate of the system is stable overall around (1.5 ± 0.6) × 10-9 M⊙ yr-1, but can increase by three times this value in a rotational cycle, during an accretion burst. The Hα and Hβ emission-line profiles vary substantially and are well-reproduced by radiative transfer models calculated from the funnel flow structure of three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations, using the dipole+octupole magnetic-field configuration previously proposed for the system. Our diskwind models do not provide a significant contribution to the emission or absorption Hα line profile of V2129 Oph.
Conclusions. The global scenario proposed by magnetospheric accretion for classical T Tauri stars is able to reproduce the spectroscopic and photometric variability observed in V2129 Oph.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / line: profiles / techniques: spectroscopic / techniques: photometric / magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / radiative transfer
© ESO, 2012
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