Volume 540, April 2012
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||11 April 2012|
A 5.5-year robotic optical monitoring of Q0957+561: substructure in a non-local cD galaxy⋆
1 GLENDAMA Team, Universidad de Cantabria, Avda. de Los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Institute for Radiophysics and Electronics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 12 Proskura St., 61085 Kharkov, Ukraine
Received: 21 October 2011
Accepted: 12 February 2012
New light curves of the gravitationally lensed double quasar Q0957+561 in the gr bands during 2008–2010 include densely sampled, sharp intrinsic fluctuations with unprecedentedly high signal-to-noise ratio. These relatively violent flux variations allow us to very accurately measure the g-band and r-band time delays between the two quasar images A and B. Using correlation functions, we obtain that the two time delays are inconsistent with each other at the 2σ level, with the r-band delay exceeding the 417-day delay in the g band by about 3 days. We also studied the long-term evolution of the delay-corrected flux ratio B/A from our homogeneous two-band monitoring with the Liverpool Robotic Telescope between 2005 and 2010. This ratio B/A slightly increases in periods of violent activity, which seems to be correlated with the flux level in these periods. The presence of the previously reported dense cloud within the cD lensing galaxy, along the line of sight to the A image, could account for the observed time delay and flux ratio anomalies.
Key words: gravitational lensing: strong / quasars: individual: Q0957+561 / galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD / black hole physics
Tables 1 and 2 corresponding to the Liverpool Robotic Telescope light curves are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/540/A132
© ESO, 2012
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