Study of LINER sources with broad Hα emission
Spectral energy distribution and multiwavelength correlations
Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS,
UMR7550, 11 rue de l’Université,
2 Department of Physics & Astronomy, Notre Dame University-Louaize, PO Box 72, Zouk Mikael, Lebanon
3 Astrophysics Group, School of Physical & Geographical Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
4 Department of Physics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
Received: 19 October 2011
Accepted: 25 January 2012
Context. The geometry and physical properties of the accretion mode, and the radiative processes occurring in AGN-powered low ionization nuclear emission-line regions (LINERs) remain a riddle. Both a standard thin accretion disk and an inner-hot radiatively-inefficient accretion flow (RIAF) have been invoked. Models depending on only a jet have also been invoked to explain the broad-band spectral energy distribution (SED) of LINERs.
Aims. We attempt to infer the accretion mechanism and radiative processes giving rise to the SEDs of a well-defined optically-selected sample of LINERs showing a definite detection of broad Hα emission (LINER 1s).
Methods. We construct SEDs for six LINER 1s with simultaneous UV and X-ray fluxes, and we looked for multiwavelength, radio to X-ray and UV to X-ray, correlations.
Results. At a given X-ray luminosity, the average SED of the six LINER 1s in our sample: (1) resembles the SED of radio-loud quasars in the radio band, ⟨ log RX ⟩ ≈ −2.7, (2) exhibits a weak UV bump, ⟨ αox ⟩ ≈ −1.17 ± 0.02 with a dispersion σ = 0.01, and (3) displays a X-ray spectrum similar to radio-quiet quasars. The bolometric luminosities inferred from the SEDs of these LINER 1s are extremely faint, at least two orders of magnitude lower than AGN. The X-ray bolometric correction, κ2−10 keV, of our sample is lower than in the case of AGN, with a mean value of 16. We find a strong anticorrelation between the radio loudness parameter, RX, and the Eddington ratio for our sample, confirming previous results. Moreover, we find a positive correlation between the radio luminosity and the X-ray luminosity which places AGN-powered LINERs, on a radio-power scale, right between low luminosity Seyferts and low luminosity radio galaxies. We complement our αox list with values derived on a well defined sample of UV-variable LINERs, and establish a strong positive correlation between αox (considering negative values) and the Eddington ratio, in contrast to the correlation found for luminous AGN. Lastly, we tested two different fundamental planes existing in the literature on our sample, in an attempt to put constraints on the debated origin of the X-ray emission, “RIAF versus jet”. The results came contradictory with one pointing toward a RIAF-dominated X-ray emission process and the other pointing toward a jet domination.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / galaxies: active / galaxies: nuclei / X-rays: galaxies
© ESO, 2012