Volume 539, March 2012
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||17 February 2012|
1 Mt Stromlo Observatory, Australian National University, Cotter Road, Weston Creek, ACT 2611, Australia
2 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
3 Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
Received: 11 August 2011
Accepted: 18 December 2011
Aims. We present positions and velocities for 796 planetary nebulae (PNe) in the Fornax Brightest Cluster Galaxy NGC 1316 (Fornax A). The planetary nebulae and existing kinematics are used to explore the rotation of this merger remnant and constrain dynamical models.
Methods. Using FORS2 on the VLT, the PN velocities were measured using a counter-dispersed slitless-spectroscopy technique that produced the largest-to-date sample outside of the Local Group. Spherical, non-rotating, constant-anisotropy Jeans models were constrained by observations of the planetary nebulae and existing integrated light spectra.
Results. The two-dimensional velocity field indicates dynamically-important rotation that rises in the outer parts, possibly due to the outward transfer of angular momentum during the merger. The modeling indicates a high dark matter content, particularly in the outer parts, that is consistent with previous estimates from dynamical models, lensing and stellar population models.
Conclusions. The exceptionally large sample of PN velocities makes it possible to explore the kinematics of NGC 1316 in detail. Comparing the results to other early-type galaxies like NGC 1399 and NGC 4594 (M104, Sombrero), NGC 1316 represents a transition phase from a major-merger event to a bulge-dominated galaxy like NGC 4594.
Key words: techniques: spectroscopic / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / planetary nebulae: general / galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD / galaxies: individual: NGC 1316
© ESO, 2012
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