Volume 538, February 2012
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||08 February 2012|
SOPHIE velocimetry of Kepler transit candidates
V. The three hot Jupiters KOI-135b, KOI-204b, and KOI-203b (alias Kepler-17b)⋆
Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université Aix-Marseille
& CNRS, 38 rue Frédéric
Marseille Cedex 13,
2 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095 CNRS, Université Pierre & Marie Curie, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3 Observatoire de Haute-Provence, Université Aix-Marseille & CNRS, 04870 St. Michel l’Observatoire, France
4 Centro de Astrofísica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
5 Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal
6 Oversky, 47 allée des Palanques, 33127 Saint Jean d’Illac, France
Received: 24 October 2011
Accepted: 17 November 2011
We report the discovery of two new transiting hot Jupiters, KOI-135b and KOI-204b, which were previously identified as planetary candidates by the Kepler team, and independently confirm the planetary nature of Kepler-17b, recently announced by Désert et al. (2011, ApJS, 197, 14). Radial-velocity measurements, taken with the SOPHIE spectrograph at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (France), and Kepler photometry (Q1 and Q2 data) were used to derive the orbital, stellar, and planetary parameters. KOI-135b and KOI-204b orbit their parent stars in ~3.02 and 3.25 days, respectively. They have approximately the same radius, Rp = 1.20 ± 0.06 RJup and 1.24 ± 0.07 RJup, but different masses Mp = 3.23 ± 0.19 MJup and 1.02 ± 0.07 MJup. As a consequence, their bulk densities differ by a factor of four, ρp = 2.33 ± 0.36 g cm-3 (KOI-135b) and 0.65 ± 0.12 g cm-3 (KOI-204b), meaning that their interior structures are different. All three planets orbit metal-rich stars with [Fe/H] ~ 0.3 dex. Our SOPHIE spectra of Kepler-17 were used both to measure the radial-velocity variations and to determine the stellar atmospheric parameters, allowing us to refine the characterisation of the planetary system. In particular we found the radial-velocity semi-amplitude and the stellar mass to be respectively slightly smaller and larger than in Désert et al. These two quantities, however, compensate and lead to a fully consistent planetary mass. Our analysis gives Mp = 2.47 ± 0.10 MJup and Rp = 1.33 ± 0.04 RJup. We found evidence of a younger age for this planetary system, t < 1.8 Gyr, which is supported by both evolutionary tracks and gyrochronology. Finally, we confirm the detection of the optical secondary eclipse by Désert et al. and also find the brightness phase variation with the Q1 and Q2 Kepler data. The latter indicates a low redistribution of stellar heat to the night side (<16% at 1-σ), if the optical planetary occultation comes entirely from thermal flux. The geometric albedo is Ag < 0.12 (1-σ).
Key words: planetary systems / stars: fundamental parameters / techniques: photometric / techniques: spectroscopic / techniques: radial velocities
© ESO, 2012
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.