Volume 537, January 2012
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||13 January 2012|
Sources of straylight in the post-focus imaging instrumentation of the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope
Institute for Solar Physics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Albanova
University Center, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden Stockholm Observatory, Dept. of Astronomy,
Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, 106 91
Received: 30 August 2011
Accepted: 30 September 2011
Context. Recently measured straylight point spread functions (PSFs) in Hinode/SOT make granulation contrast in observed data and synthetic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) data consistent. Data from earthbound telescopes also need accurate correction for straylight and fixed optical aberrations.
Aims. We aim to develop a method for measuring straylight in the post-focus imaging optics of the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope (SST).
Methods. We removed any influence from atmospheric turbulence and scattering by using an artificial target. We measured integrated straylight from three different sources in the same data: ghost images caused by reflections in the near-detector optics, PSFs corresponding to wavefront aberrations in the optics by using phase diversity, and extended scattering PSF wings of unknown origin by fitting to a number of different kernels. We performed the analysis separately in the red beam and the blue beam.
Results. Wavefront aberrations, which possibly originate in the bimorph mirror of the adaptive optics, are responsible for a wavelength-dependent straylight of 20–30% of the intensity in the form of PSFs with 90% of the energy contained within a radius of 06. There are ghost images that contribute at the most a few percent of straylight. The fraction of other sources of scattered light from the post-focus instrumentation of the SST is only ~10-3 of the recorded intensity. This contribution has wide wings with a FWHM ~16′′ in the blue and ~34′′ in the red.
Conclusions. The present method seems to work well for separately estimating wavefront aberrations and the scattering kernel shape and fraction. Ghost images can be expected to remain at the same level for solar observations. The high-order wavefront aberrations possibly caused by the AO bimorph mirror dominate the measured straylight but are likely to change when imaging the Sun. We can therefore make no firm statements about the origin of straylight in SST data, but strongly suspect wavefront aberrations to be the dominant source.
Key words: instrumentation: miscellaneous / methods: observational / techniques: image processing / techniques: photometric / telescopes
© ESO, 2012
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