Volume 536, December 2011
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||19 December 2011|
Near-IR search for lensed supernovae behind galaxy clusters
III. Implications for cluster modeling and cosmology⋆
1 Department of AstronomyStockholm University, Albanova University Center, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
2 The Oskar Klein Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
3 Department of Physics, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
4 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
5 Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Université de Provence, CNRS, 38 rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille Cedex 13, France
6 Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
7 Physikalisches Institut Universitat Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn, Germany
8 CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, 9 avenue Ch. André, 69561 Saint Genis Laval Cedex, France
Received: 6 May 2011
Accepted: 27 September 2011
Context. Massive galaxy clusters at intermediate redshifts act as gravitational lenses that can magnify supernovae (SNe) occurring in background galaxies.
Aims. We assess the possibility of using lensed SNe to constraint the mass models of galaxy clusters and the Hubble parameter at high redshift.
Methods. Owing to the standard candle nature of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), observational information on the lensing magnification by an intervening galaxy cluster can be used to constrain the model for the cluster mass distribution. A statistical analysis using parametric cluster models was performed to investigate the possible improvements provided by lensed SNe Ia to the analysis of the accurately modeled galaxy cluster A1689 and the less well-modeled cluster A2204. Time delay measurements obtained from SNe lensed by accurately modeled galaxy clusters can be used to measure the Hubble parameter. For a survey of A1689, we estimate the expected rates of detectable SNe Ia and multiply imaged SNe.
Results. The velocity dispersion and core radius of the main cluster potential follow strong correlations with the predicted magnifications and can therefore be constrained by observations of SNe Ia in background galaxies. This technique proves especially powerful for galaxy clusters with only a few known multiple image systems. The main uncertainty in measurements of the Hubble parameter from the time delay of strongly lensed SNe is caused by cluster model uncertainties. For the extremely well-modeled cluster A1689, a single time delay measurement could be used to determine the Hubble parameter with a precision of ~10%.
Conclusions. Observations of SNe Ia behind galaxy clusters can be used to improve the mass modeling of the large-scale component of galaxy clusters and thus the distribution of dark matter. Time delays from SNe strongly lensed by accurately modeled galaxy clusters can be used to measure the Hubble constant at high redshifts.
Key words: cosmological parameters / galaxies: clusters: general / dark matter / supernovae: general / galaxies: halos / gravitational lensing: strong
Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained from the Data Archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. These observations are associated with programs # 9134, 9289 and 10150.
© ESO, 2011
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