Volume 535, November 2011
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||31 October 2011|
Fast inversion of Zeeman line profiles using central moments
Laboratoire d’Études Spatiales et d’Instrumentation en Astrophysique (LESIA), Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC Paris 6, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
2 National Solar Observatory 4, Sacramento Peak, PO Box 62, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA
3 UMR 6525 H. Fizeau, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, Campus Valrose, 06108 Nice, France
Received: 5 July 2011
Accepted: 13 September 2011
Context. Many inversion techniques derive vector magnetic fields and other parameters of the solar atmosphere from Stokes profiles with an iterative process.
Aims. We propose a new inversion method, using functions derived from central moments (ICM), to determine magnetic field vectors with very few iterations.
Methods. Two quantities A1 and A2 that combine moments of profiles I ± S (S = Q,U,V) are proposed. They are nearly linear functions of the longitudinal and transverse components of the magnetic field, and lead to estimates of the field components through a least-squares polynomial fit. A third quantity AD can be used to interpolate between expansions that correspond to two basic models. Exponents β1 and β2 in the moment expressions are adjusted to minimize the sensitivity to data noise.
Results. Inversion coefficients are computed for magnetic fields up to 3000 G in the case of the 630.2 Fe i line by forward modeling in two selected 1D model atmospheres (FALC and MALTM). After inversion of synthetic profiles computed with four models at disk center (FALA, FALC, FALF, MALTM), the mean standard deviations with respect to the input fields do not exceed 5 G for both components over the full range 0–3000 G. A comparison of ICM results with inversion by the UNNOFIT code of profiles observed with THEMIS/MTR shows good agreement. The typical computing time for a solar map of 100 000 points is less than 30 s.
Conclusions. The ICM inversions are almost insensitive to thermodynamic properties and solve for vector magnetic fields in a wide range of solar conditions, ranging from plage to spot, with very little computational effort. They are, therefore, extremely suitable for large data sets. Further improvements should take into account instrumental profiles and effects of limited spatial resolution by using filling factors. Extensions using more parameters and models with large departures from the Milne Eddington approximation could also be considered.
Key words: magnetic fields / line: profiles
© ESO, 2011
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.