Volume 535, November 2011
|Number of page(s)||27|
|Published online||11 November 2011|
Black hole accretion and host galaxies of obscured quasars in XMM-COSMOS⋆
ESO, Karl-Schwarschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
2 Max-Planck-Institute für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, 85741 Garching bei München, Germany
3 Excellence Cluster Universe, TUM, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
4 Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
5 ICREA and Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès, 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
6 Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
7 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
8 Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8568, Japan
9 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
10 Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Marseille, France
11 Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita‘ di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
12 Max-Planck-Institute für Plasma Physis, Boltzmann Strasse 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
13 Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Toulouse-Tarbes, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, 14 avenue Édouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
14 Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita di Padova, Padova, Italy
15 INAF–IASF Milano, Milan, Italy
16 SUPA, Institute for Astronomy, The University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
17 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Milan, Italy
18 Max-Planck-Institute für Astrophysik, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
19 Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita di Padova, Padova, Italy
20 California Institute of Technology, MC 105-24, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
21 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
22 Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
23 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via Frascati 33, 00040 Monteporzio-Catone, Italy
24 Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho 2-5, Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan
25 UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
26 AIM, Unité Mixte deRecherche CEA CNRS, Université Paris VII, UMR n158, Paris France
27 CEA-Saclay, Service d’Astrophysique, Orme des Merisiers, Bât.709, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Received: 14 May 2011
Accepted: 14 September 2011
Aims. We explore the connection between black hole growth at the center of obscured quasars selected from the XMM-COSMOS survey and the physical properties of their host galaxies. We study a bolometric regime ( ⟨ Lbol ⟩ = 8 × 1045 erg s-1) where several theoretical models invoke major galaxy mergers as the main fueling channel for black hole accretion.
Methods. To derive robust estimates of the host galaxy properties, we use an SED fitting technique to distinguish the AGN and host galaxy emission. We evaluate the effect on galaxy properties estimates of being unable to remove the nuclear emission from the SED. The superb multi-wavelength coverage of the COSMOS field allows us to obtain reliable estimates of the total stellar masses and star formation rates (SFRs) of the hosts. We supplement this information with a morphological analysis of the ACS/HST images, optical spectroscopy, and an X-ray spectral analysis.
Results. We confirm that obscured quasars mainly reside in massive galaxies (M ⋆ > 1010M⊙) and that the fraction of galaxies hosting such powerful quasars monotonically increases with the stellar mass. We stress the limitation of the use of rest-frame color − magnitude diagrams as a diagnostic tool for studying galaxy evolution and inferring the influence that AGN activity can have on such a process. We instead use the correlation between SFR and stellar mass found for star-forming galaxies to discuss the physical properties of the hosts. We find that at z ~ 1, ≈62% of Type-2 QSOs hosts are actively forming stars and that their rates are comparable to those measured for normal star-forming galaxies. The fraction of star-forming hosts increases with redshift: ≈ 71% at z ~ 2, and 100% at z ~ 3. We also find that the evolution from z ~ 1 to z ~ 3 of the specific SFR of the Type-2 QSO hosts is in excellent agreement with that measured for star-forming galaxies. From the morphological analysis, we conclude that most of the objects are bulge-dominated galaxies, and that only a few of them exhibit signs of recent mergers or disks. Finally, bulge-dominated galaxies tend to host Type-2 QSOs with low Eddington ratios (λ < 0.1), while disk-dominated or merging galaxies have at their centers BHs accreting at high Eddington ratios (λ > 0.1).
Key words: quasars: general / galaxies: active / galaxies: nuclei / X-rays: general / galaxies: star formation
© ESO, 2011
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.