Volume 535, November 2011
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||04 November 2011|
The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets
XXX. Planetary systems around stars with solar-like magnetic cycles and short-term activity variation⋆,⋆⋆
Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
2 Centro de Astrofísica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
3 Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
4 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS, Université Pierre & Marie Curie, 98bis Bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France
5 Observatoire de Haute-Provence, CNRS/OAMP, 04870 St. Michel l’Observatoire, France
6 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
7 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
8 Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
Received: 27 April 2011
Accepted: 26 June 2011
We present the discovery of four new long-period planets within the HARPS high-precision sample: HD 137388b (Msini = 0.22 MJ), HD 204941b (Msini = 0.27 MJ), HD 7199b (Msini = 0.29 MJ), HD 7449b (Msini = 1.04 MJ). A long-period companion, probably a second planet, is also found orbiting HD 7449. Planets around HD 137388, HD 204941, and HD 7199 have rather low eccentricities (less than 0.4) relative to the 0.82 eccentricity of HD 7449b. All these planets were discovered even though their hosting stars have clear signs of activity. Solar-like magnetic cycles, characterized by long-term activity variations, can be seen for HD 137388, HD 204941 and HD 7199, whereas the measurements of HD 7449 reveal a short-term activity variation, most probably induced by magnetic features on the stellar surface. We confirm that magnetic cycles induce a long-term radial velocity variation and propose a method to reduce considerably the associated noise. The procedure consists of fitting the activity index and applying the same solution to the radial velocities because a linear correlation between the activity index and the radial velocity is found. Tested on HD 137388, HD 204941, and HD 7199, this correction reduces considerably the stellar noise induced by magnetic cycles and allows us to derive precisely the orbital parameters of planetary companions.
Key words: planetary systems / techniques: radial velocities / stars: individual: HD 7199 / stars: individual: HD 7449 / stars: individual: HD 137388 / stars: individual: HD 204941
Based on observations made with the HARPS instrument on the ESO 3.6-m telescope at La Silla Observatory (Chile), under programme IDs 072.C-0488 and 183.C-0972.
Radial velocities (Tables 4−7) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/535/A55
© ESO, 2011
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