Near-infrared study of the stellar population of Sh2-152
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
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2 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Centro de Estudios de Física del Cosmos de Aragón (CEFCA), 44001 Teruel, Spain
4 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 38040 Madrid, Spain
5 Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
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Received: 31 December 2010
Accepted: 29 July 2011
Context. The discovery of new massive star clusters and massive stellar populations in previously known clusters in our Galaxy by means of infrared studies has changed our view of the Milky Way from an inactive to an active star-forming machine. Within this scenario, we present a near-infrared spectrophotometric study of the stellar content of the compact HII region Sh2-152.
Aims. We aim to determine the distance, extinction, age, and mass of Sh2-152, using for the first time near-infrared stellar classification for several sources in the region.
Methods. Using our near-infrared (J, H, and KS) photometry and the colour–magnitude diagram for the cluster field, we selected 13 bright stars, candidate members of the reddened cluster’s main sequence, for H- and K-spectroscopy and spectral classification. This near-infrared information was complemented with an optical spectrum of the ionizing central star to confirm its spectral nature.
Results. From the 13 spectroscopically observed stars, 5 were classified as B-type, 3 as G-type, 2 were young stellar objects (YSOs), and 3 remained unclassified (because of the poor data quality). The cluster’s extinction varies from AKS = 0.5 to 2.6 mag (AV = 4.5 to 24 mag) and the distance is estimated to be 3.21 ± 0.21 kpc. The age of the cluster is younger than 9.4 Myr and the lower limit to the total mass of the cluster is (2.45 ± 0.79) × 103 M⊙. We compare the number of ionizing photons emitted from the OB-type stars with the Lyman continuum photons derived from the radio observations and conclude that both quantities are consistent for the central region of Sh2-152. In contrast, the main ionizing source of the lower region remains unidentified.
Key words: techniques: spectroscopic / stars: luminosity function, mass function / Hertzsprung-Russell and C-M diagrams / infrared: stars / stars: early-type / open clusters and associations: individual: Sh2-152
© ESO, 2011