Dynamo-driven plasmoid ejections above a spherical surface⋆
Nordita, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 23, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
2 Department of Astronomy, AlbaNova University Center, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Received: 4 April 2011
Accepted: 26 July 2011
Aims. We extend earlier models of turbulent dynamos with an upper, nearly force-free exterior to spherical geometry, and study how flux emerges from lower layers to the upper ones without being driven by magnetic buoyancy. We also study how this affects the possibility of plasmoid ejection.
Methods. A spherical wedge is used that includes northern and southern hemispheres up to mid-latitudes and a certain range in longitude of the Sun. In radius, we cover both the region that corresponds to the convection zone in the Sun and the immediate exterior up to twice the radius of the Sun. Turbulence is driven with a helical forcing function in the interior, where the sign changes at the equator between the two hemispheres.
Results. An oscillatory large-scale dynamo with equatorward migration is found to operate in the turbulence zone. Plasmoid ejections occur in regular intervals, similar to what is seen in earlier Cartesian models. These plasmoid ejections are tentatively associated with coronal mass ejections (CMEs). The magnetic helicity is found to change sign outside the turbulence zone, which is in agreement with recent findings for the solar wind.
Key words: magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / turbulence / Sun: dynamo / Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs) / stars: magnetic field
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© ESO, 2011