Molecular outflows and hot molecular cores in G24.78+0.08 at sub-arcsecond angular resolution
INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
2 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
3 Centro de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia 58090, Mexico
4 Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Taipei 106, Taiwan
5 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC V8P 5C2, Canada
7 IRAM, 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 Saint Martin d’Hères, France
Received: 6 May 2011
Accepted: 13 June 2011
Context. This study is part of a large project to study the physics of accretion and molecular outflows towards a selected sample of high-mass star-forming regions that show evidence of infall and rotation from previous studies.
Aims. We wish to make a thorough study at high-angular resolution of the structure and kinematics of the HMCs and corresponding molecular outflows in the high-mass star-forming region G24.78+0.08.
Methods. We carried out SMA and IRAM PdBI observations at 1.3 and 1.4 mm, respectively, of dust and of typical high-density and molecular outflow tracers with resolutions of < 1″. Complementary IRAM 30-m 12CO and 13CO observations were carried out to recover the short spacing information of the molecular outflows.
Results. The millimeter continuum emission towards cores G24 A1 and A2 has been resolved into three and two cores, respectively, and named A1, A1b, A1c, A2, and A2b. All these cores are aligned in a southeast-northwest direction coincident with that of the molecular outflows detected in the region, which suggests a preferential direction for star formation in this region. The masses of the cores range from 7 to 22 M⊙, and the rotational temperatures from 128 to 180 K. The high-density tracers have revealed the existence of two velocity components towards A1. One of them peaks close to the position of the millimeter continuum peak and of the HC Hii region and is associated with the velocity gradient seen in CH3CN towards this core, while the other one peaks southwest of core A1 and is not associated with any millimeter continuum emission peak. The position-velocity plots along outflow A and the 13CO (2–1) averaged blueshifted and redshifted emission indicate that this outflow is driven by core A2. Core A1 apparently does not drive any outflow. The knotty appearance of the highly collimated outflow C and the 12CO position-velocity plot suggest an episodic outflow, where the knots are made of swept-up ambient gas.
Key words: ISM: individual objects: G24.78+0.08 / ISM: molecules / ISM: jets and outflows / stars: formation
© ESO, 2011