Letter to the Editor
Can coronal hole spicules reach coronal temperatures?⋆
Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh
BT61 9DG, N. Ireland, UK
Received: 16 February 2011
Accepted: 11 May 2011
Aims. The present study aims to provide observational evidence of whether coronal hole spicules reach coronal temperatures.
Methods. We combine multi-instrument co-observations obtained with the SUMER/SoHO and with the EIS/SOT/XRT/Hinode.
Results. The analysed three large spicules were found to be comprised of numerous thin spicules that rise, rotate, and descend simultaneously forming a bush-like feature. Their rotation resembles the untwisting of a large flux rope. They show velocities ranging from 50 to 250 kms-1. We clearly associated the red- and blue-shifted emissions in transition region lines not only with rotating but also with rising and descending plasmas. Our main result is that these spicules although very large and dynamic, are not present in the spectral lines formed at temperatures above 300 000 K.
Conclusions. In this paper we present the analysis of three Ca ii H large spicules that are composed of numerous dynamic thin spicules but appear as macrospicules in lower resolution EUV images. We found no coronal counterpart of these and smaller spicules. We believe that the identification of phenomena that have very different origins as macrospicules is due to the interpretation of the transition region emission, and especially the He ii emission, wherein both chromospheric large spicules and coronal X-ray jets are present. We suggest that the recent observation of spicules in the coronal AIA/SDO 171 Å and 211 Å channels probably comes from the existence of transition region emission there.
Key words: Sun: corona / Sun: transition region / line: profiles / methods: observational
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© ESO, 2011