Volume 532, August 2011
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||04 August 2011|
The LX – Tvir relation in galaxy clusters: effects of radiative cooling and AGN heating
Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 Center of Imaging Science, Rochester Institute of Technology, 54 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
3 Michigan State University, Physics and Astronomy Dept., East Lansing, MI 48824-2320, USA
Received: 20 November 2009
Accepted: 6 June 2011
We present a detailed investigation of the X-ray luminosity (LX)-gas temperature (Tvir) relation of the complete X-ray flux-limited sample of the 64 brightest galaxy clusters in the sky (HIFLUGCS). We study the influence of two astrophysical processes, active galactic nuclei (AGN) heating and intracluster medium (ICM) cooling, on the LX − Tvir relation, simultaneously for the first time. We employ homogeneously determined gas temperatures and central cooling times, measured with Chandra, and information about a central radio source from Mittal and collaborators. We determine best-fit relations for different subsamples using the cool-core strength and the presence of central radio activity as selection criteria. We find the strong cool-core clusters (SCCs) with short cooling times ( < 1 Gyr) to display the steepest relation () and the non-cool-core clusters (NCCs) with long cooling times ( > 7.7 Gyr) to display the shallowest (). This has the simple implication that on the high-mass scale (Tvir > 2.5 keV) the steepening of the LX − Tvir relation is mainly due to the cooling of the intracluster medium gas. We propose that ICM cooling and AGN heating are both important in shaping the LX − Tvir relation but on different length-scales. While our study indicates that ICM cooling dominates on cluster scales (Tvir > 2.5 keV), we speculate that AGN heating dominates the scaling relation in poor clusters and groups (Tvir < 2.5 keV). The intrinsic scatter about the LX − Tvir relation in X-ray luminosity for the whole sample is 45.4% and varies from a minimum of 34.8% for weak cool-core clusters to a maximum of 59.4% for clusters with no central radio source. The scatter does not decrease if SCC clusters are excluded from the full sample. We find that the contribution of core luminosities within the cooling radius rcool, where the cooling time is 7.7 Gyr and gas cooling may be important, to the total X-ray luminosities amounts to 44% and 15% for the SCC and WCC clusters, respectively. We find that after excising the cooling region, the scatter in the LX − Tvir relation drops from 45.4% to 39.1%, implying that the cooling region contributes ~27% to the overall scatter. The remaining scatter is largely due to the NCCs. Lastly, the statistical completeness of the sample allows us to quantify and correct for selection effects individually for the subsamples. We find the true SCC fraction to be 25% lower than the observed one and the true normalizations of the LX − Tvir relations to be lower by 12%, 7%, and 17% for SCC, WCC, and NCC clusters, respectively.
Key words: cooling flows / X-rays: galaxies: clusters / radio continuum: galaxies
© ESO, 2011
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.