Letter to the Editor
Periodic variability of 6.7 GHz methanol masers in G22.357 + 0.066 ⋆
Toruń Centre for Astronomy, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Gagarina 11, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
2 Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe, Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
3 Sterrewacht Leiden, Postbus 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Received: 27 April 2011
Accepted: 19 May 2011
Aims. We report the discovery of periodic flares of 6.7 GHz methanol maser in the young massive stellar object G22.357+0.066.
Methods. The target was monitored in the methanol maser line over 20 months with the Torun 32 m telescope. The emission was also mapped at two epochs using the EVN.
Results. The 6.7 GHz methanol maser shows periodic variations with a period of 179 days. The periodic behavior is stable for the last three densely sampled cycles and has even been stable over ~12 years, as the archival data suggest. The maser structure mapped with the EVN remains unchanged at two epochs just at the putative flare maxima separated by two years. The time delays of up to ~16 days seen between maser features are combined with the map of spots to construct the 3-dimensional structure of the maser region. The emission originating in a single ~100 AU layer can be modulated by periodic changes in the infrared pumping radiation or in the free-free background emission from an HII region.
Key words: stars: formation − masers − ISM: individual: objects: G22.356 + 0.066 − radio lines: general
Figures 3 and 4 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2011