Volume 531, July 2011
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||15 June 2011|
The Ara OB1a association⋆
Stellar population and star formation history
Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas (UNLP), Instituto de
Astrofísica de La Plata (CONICETUNLP), Paseo del Bosque s/n, La Plata, Argentina
e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 ESO, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago de Chile, Chile
3 ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2 85748 Garching bei Munchen, Germany
Accepted: 3 May 2011
Context. The Ara OB1a association is a nearby complex in the fourth Galactic quadrant where a number of young/embedded star clusters are projected close to more evolved, intermediate age clusters. It is also rich in interstellar matter, and contains evidence of the interplay between massive stars and their surrounding medium, such as the rim HII region NGC 6188.
Aims. We provide robust estimates of the fundamental parameters (age and distance) of the two most prominent stellar clusters, NGC 6167 and NGC 6193, that may be used as a basis for studing the star formation history of the region.
Methods. The study is based on a photometric optical survey (UBVIHα) of NGC 6167 and NGC 6193 and their nearby field, complemented with data from 2MASS-VVV, UCAC3, and IRAC-Spitzer in this region.
Results. We produce a uniform photometric catalogue and estimate more robustly the fundamental parameters of NGC 6167 and NGC 6193, in addition to the IRAS 16375-4854 source. As a consequence, all of them are located at approximately the same distance from the Sun in the Sagittarius-Carina Galactic arm. However, the ages we estimate differ widely: NGC 6167 is found to be an intermediate-age cluster (20–30 Myr), NGC 6193 a very young one (1–5 Myr) with PMS, Hα emitters and class II objects, and the IRAS 16375-4854 source is the youngest of the three containing several YSOs.
Conclusions. These results support a picture in which Ara OB1a is a region where star formation has proceeded for several tens of Myr until the present. The difference in the ages of the different stellar groups can be interpreted as a consequence of a triggered star formation process. In the specific case of NGC 6193, we find evidence of possible non-coeval star formation.
Key words: open clusters and associations: general / open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 6193 / open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 6167 / stars: formation / stars: pre-main sequence
Two catalogs are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/531/A73
© ESO, 2011
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