Volume 529, May 2011
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||25 March 2011|
Letters to the Editor
MOAO first on-sky demonstration with CANARY
LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place J. Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
2 Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
3 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place J. Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
4 UKATC, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
Received: 4 February 2011
Accepted: 23 February 2011
Context. A new challenging adaptive optics (AO) system, called multi-object adaptive optics (MOAO), has been successfully demonstrated on-sky for the first time at the 4.2 m William Herschel Telescope, Canary Islands, Spain, at the end of September 2010.
Aims. This system, called CANARY, is aimed at demonstrating the feasibility of MOAO in preparation of a future multi-object near infra-red (IR) integral field unit spectrograph to equip extremely large telescopes for analysing the morphology and dynamics of high-z galaxies.
Methods. CANARY compensates for the atmospheric turbulence with a deformable mirror driven in open-loop and controlled through a tomographic reconstruction by three widely separated off-axis natural guide star (NGS) wavefront sensors, which are in open loop too. We compared the performance of conventional closed-loop AO, MOAO, and ground-layer adaptive optics (GLAO) by analysing both IR images and simultaneous wave-front measurements.
Results. In H-band, Strehl ratios of 0.20 are measured with MOAO while achieving 0.25 with closed-loop AO in fairly similar seeing conditions (r0 ≈ 15 cm at 0.5 μm). As expected, MOAO has performed at an intermediate level between GLAO and closed-loop AO.
Key words: instrumentation: adaptive optics / instrumentation: high angular resolution / atmospheric effects / galaxies: formation / galaxies: high-redshift
© ESO, 2011
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