Volume 529, May 2011
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||31 March 2011|
Galaxy morphology, luminosity, and environment in the SDSS DR7
Tartu Observatory, Observatooriumi 1,
2 Institute of Physics, Tartu University, Tähe 4, 51010 Tartu, Estonia
3 Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
Received: 24 November 2010
Accepted: 16 February 2011
Aims. We study the influence of the environment on the evolution of galaxies by investigating the luminosity function (LF) of galaxies of different morphological types and colours at different environmental density levels.
Methods. We construct the LFs separately for galaxies of different morphology (spiral and elliptical) and of different colours (red and blue) using data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), correcting the luminosities for the intrinsic absorption. We use the global luminosity density field to define different environments, and analyse the environmental dependence of galaxy morphology and colour. The smoothed bootstrap method is used to calculate confidence regions of the derived luminosity functions.
Results. We find a strong environmental dependency for the LF of elliptical galaxies. The LF of spiral galaxies is almost environment independent, suggesting that spiral galaxy formation mechanisms are similar in different environments. Absorption by the intrinsic dust influences the bright-end of the LF of spiral galaxies. After attenuation correction, the brightest spiral galaxies are still about 0.5 mag less luminous than the brightest elliptical galaxies, except in the least dense environment, where spiral galaxies dominate the LF at every luminosity. Despite the extent of the SDSS survey, the influence of single rich superclusters is present in the galactic LF of the densest environment.
Key words: cosmology: observations / large-scale structure of Universe / galaxies: luminosity function, mass function / dust, extinction
© ESO, 2011
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