ST-ECF, Karl-Schwarzschild-Straße 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3 The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
4 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Straße 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
5 Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
6 Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen Ø, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Received: 18 August 2010
Accepted: 4 February 2011
We study the multi-wavelength properties of a set of 171 Lyα emitting candidates at redshift z = 2.25 found in the COSMOS field, with the aim of understanding the underlying stellar populations in the galaxies. We especially seek to understand what the dust contents, ages and stellar masses of the galaxies are, and how they relate to similar properties of Lyα emitters at other redshifts. The candidates here are shown to have different properties from those of Lyα emitters found at higher redshift, by fitting the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) using a Monte-Carlo Markov-Chain technique and including nebular emission in the spectra. The stellar masses, and possibly the dust contents, are higher, with stellar masses in the range log M∗ = 8.5−11.0 M⊙ and AV = 0.0−2.5 mag. Young population ages are well constrained, but the ages of older populations are typically unconstrained. In 15% of the galaxies only a single, young population of stars is observed. We show that the Lyα fluxes of the best fit galaxies are correlated with their dust properties, with higher dust extinction in Lyα faint galaxies. Testing for whether results derived from a light-weighted stack of objects correlate to those found when fitting individual objects we see that stellar masses are robust to stacking, but ages and especially dust extinctions are derived incorrectly from stacks. We conclude that the stellar properties of Lyα emitters at z = 2.25 are different from those at higher redshift and that they are diverse. Lyα selection appears to be tracing systematically different galaxies at different redshifts.
Key words: cosmology: observations / galaxies: high-redshift
Based on observations carried out at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) under prog. ID No. 084.A-0318(B).
Tables 6 is only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2011