Volume 526, February 2011
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||14 December 2010|
Red sequence determination of the redshift of the cluster of galaxies JKCS 041: z ~ 2.2
Observatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Brera 28, 20121
2 GEPI, Paris-Meudon Observatory, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
3 Université Paris Diderot, 75205 Paris Cedex 13, France
Received: 19 August 2010
Accepted: 26 September 2010
This paper aims at robustly determining the redshift of the cluster of galaxies JKCS 041 and at putting constraints on the formation epoch of the color-magnitude sequence in two very high redshift clusters. New deep z′ − J data show a clear narrow red sequence that is co-centered with, and similary concentrated on, the extended X-ray emission of the cluster of galaxies JKCS 041. The JKCS 041 red sequence is 0.32 ± 0.06 mag redder in z′ − J than the red sequence of the zspec = 1.62 IRC0218A cluster, putting JKCS 041 at z ≫ 1.62 and ruling out z ≤ 1.49 the latter claimed by a recent paper. The color difference of the two red sequences gives a red-sequence-based redshift of z = 2.20 ± 0.11 for JKCS 041, where the uncertainty accounts for uncertainties in stellar synthesis population models, in photometric calibration, and in the red sequence color of both JKCS 041 and IRC0218A clusters. We do not observe any sign of truncation of the red sequence for both clusters down to J = 23 mag (1 × 1011 solar masses), which suggests that it is already in place in clusters rich and massive enough to heat and retain hot gas at these high redshifts.
Key words: galaxies: evolution / galaxies: clusters: individual: JKCS 041 / galaxies: clusters: individual IRC0218A
© ESO, 2010
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