Volume 524, December 2010
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||24 November 2010|
Modelling the light variability of the Ap star ε Ursae Majoris
Institute of Astrophysics, Georg-August-University,
2 Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
3 Observatory and Planetarium of J. Palisa, VŠB – Technical University, Ostrava, Czech Republic
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 751 20, Uppsala, Sweden
5 Institut für Astronomie, Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstraße 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
Received: 31 May 2010
Accepted: 28 August 2010
Aims. We simulate the light variability of the Ap star ε UMa using the observed surface distributions of Fe, Cr, Ca, Mn, Mg, Sr, and Ti obtained with the help of the Doppler imaging technique.
Methods. Using all photometric data available, we specified light variations of ε UMa modulated by its rotation from far UV to IR. We employed the LLmodels stellar model atmosphere code to predict the light variability in different photometric systems.
Results. The rotational period of ε UMa is refined to 5ḍ088631(18). It is shown that the observed light variability can be explained as a result of the redistribution of radiative flux from the UV spectral region to the visual caused by the inhomogeneous surface distribution of chemical elements. Among seven mapped elements, only Fe and Cr contribute significantly to the amplitude of the observed light variability. In general, we find very good agreement between theory and observations. We confirm the important role of Fe and Cr in determining the magnitude of the well-known depression around 5200 Å by analyzing the peculiar a-parameter. Finally, we show that the abundance spots of considered elements cannot explain the observed variabilities in near UV and β index, which probably have other causes.
Conclusions. The inhomogeneous surface distribution of chemical elements can explain most of the observed light variability of the A-type CP star ε UMa.
Key words: stars: chemically peculiar / stars: variables: general / stars: atmospheres / stars: individual:εUMa
© ESO, 2010
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