Volume 522, November 2010
|Number of page(s)||25|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||05 November 2010|
A systematic analysis of the broad iron Kα line in neutron-star LMXBs with XMM-Newton⋆
ESAC, PO Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada,
2 XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, Science Operations Department, ESAC, PO Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
3 Integral Science Operations Centre, Science Operations Department, ESAC, PO Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
Accepted: 12 May 2010
We analysed the XMM-Newton archival observations of 16 neutron star (NS), low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs) to study the Fe K emission in these objects. The sample includes all the observations of NS LMXBs performed in EPIC pn timing mode with XMM-Newton publicly available until September 30, 2009. We performed a detailed data analysis considering pile-up and background effects. The properties of the Fe lines differed from previous published analyses because of either incorrect pile-up corrections or different continuum parameterisation. Eighty percent of the observations for which a spectrum can be extracted showed significant Fe line emission. We found an average line centroid of 6.67 ± 0.02 keV and a finite width, σ, of 0.33 ± 0.02 keV. The equivalent width of the lines varied between 17 and 189 eV, with an average weighted value of 42 ± 3 eV. For sources where several observations were available, the Fe line parameters changed between observations whenever the continuum changed significantly. The line parameters did not show any correlation with luminosity. Most important, we could fit the Fe line with a simple Gaussian component for all the sources. The lines did not show the asymmetric profiles that were interpreted as indicating relativistic effects in previous analyses of these LMXBs.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / X-rays: binaries / X-rays: general
Appendices are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2010
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