Volume 521, October 2010
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||21 October 2010|
Dust grain growth in ρ-Ophiuchi protoplanetary disks
European Southern Observatory,
Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
2 INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3 Australia Telescope National Facility, PO Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia
Accepted: 5 August 2010
We present new ATCA observations at 3.3 mm of 27 young stellar objects in the ρ-Oph young cluster. 25 of these sources have been detected. We analyze the sub-millimeter and millimeter SED for a subsample of 17 isolated class II protoplanetary disks and derive constraints on the grain growth and total dust mass in the disk outer regions. All the disks in our sample show a mm slope of the SED which is significantly shallower than the one observed for the ISM at these long wavelengths. This indicates that 1) class II disks in Ophiuchus host grains grown to mm/cm-sizes in their outer regions; 2) formation of mm/cm-sized pebbles is a fast process and 3) a mechanism halting or slowing down the inward radial drift of solid particles is required to explain the data. These findings are consistent with previous results in other star forming regions. We compare the dust properties of this sample with those of a uniformly selected sample in Taurus-Auriga and find no statistical evidence of any difference in terms of grain growth between the two regions. Finally, in our sample the mm slope of the SED is not found to correlate with indicators of grain growth to micron sizes in the surface layers of the inner disk.
Key words: protoplanetary disks / planets and satellites: formation / stars: pre-main sequence
© ESO, 2010
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