A spectroscopic analysis of Jupiter-coupled object (52872) Okyrhoe, and TNOs (90482) Orcus and (73480) 2002 PN34*
LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon
Principal Cedex, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
3 UCLA Department of Earth and Space Sciences, 595 Charles E. Young Drive E, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
4 ESO, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
5 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Université de Provence, CNRS, 38 rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille Cedex 13, France
6 Université de Paris 7 Denis Diderot, Paris, France
Accepted: 19 May 2010
Aims. We present new visible and near-infrared photometric measurements and near-infrared spectroscopic measurements for three outer solar system small bodies, the Jupiter-coupled object (52872) Okyrhoe and the TNOs (90482) Orcus and (73480) 2002 PN34.
Methods. We analyzed their surface compositions by modeling their spectra in the visible and near-infrared wavelength ranges. We then compared this new data with previous measurements of Okyrhoe and Orcus to search for heterogeneity on their surfaces. All observations were performed at the European Southern Observatory 8 m Very Large Telescope, UT1 and UT4 at the Paranal Observatory in Chile.
Results. We find varying amounts of H2O ice among these bodies, Okyrhoe shows no trace of it in our spectrum, 73480 has small amounts, and Orcus has large quantities. While we do clearly see for Orcus that a significant fraction of the H2O ice is in crystalline form from the 1.65-μm feature, we cannot detect the 2.21-μm feature supposedly due to ammonia hydrate, because of the low signal-to-noise of the data. We also do not see any indication of ices more volatile than H2O, such as CH4 or CO2, in the spectrum, so we limit their presence to no more than about 5% based on the data presented here and on high-quality data from Barucci et al. (2008, A&A, 479, L13).
Key words: techniques: spectroscopic / techniques: photometric / Kuiper belt objects: individual: (52872) Okyrhoe / Kuiper belt objects: individual: (90482) Orcus / Kuiper belt objects: individual: (73480) 2002 PN34
© ESO, 2010