Volume 518, July-August 2010
Herschel: the first science highlights
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||16 July 2010|
Letter to the Editor
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium e-mail: email@example.com
2 UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, EH9 3HJ, UK
3 Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Université Paris Diderot, IRFU/Service d'Astrophysique, Bât.709, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
4 Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
5 Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
6 Afdeling Sterrenkunde, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Postbus 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
7 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT, UK
8 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
9 Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
10 ALMA JAO, Av. El Golf 40 - Piso 18, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
11 National Research Council of Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC, V9E 2E7, Canada
12 ESA Research and Science Support Department, ESTEC/SRE-S, Keplerlaan 1, 2201AZ, Noordwijk, The Netherlands
13 School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queens Buildings The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK
14 Institute of Astronomy, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
15 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS, UK
16 Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712, USA
17 CASA, University of Colorado, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
18 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA, Leiden, The Netherlands
19 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
20 Space Science and Technology Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX, UK
21 Department of Radio and Space Science, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden
22 Institute for Space Imaging Science, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, T1J 1B1, Canada
Accepted: 18 May 2010
We obtained Herschel PACS and SPIRE images of the thermal emission of the debris disk around the A5V star β Pic. The disk is well resolved in the PACS filters at 70, 100, and 160 μm. The surface brightness profiles between 70 and 160 μm show no significant asymmetries along the disk, and are compatible with 90% of the emission between 70 and 160 μm originating in a region closer than 200 AU to the star. Although only marginally resolving the debris disk, the maps obtained in the SPIRE 250–500 μm filters provide full-disk photometry, completing the SED over a few octaves in wavelength that had been previously inaccessible. The small far-infrared spectral index (β = 0.34) indicates that the grain size distribution in the inner disk (<200 AU) is inconsistent with a local collisional equilibrium. The size distribution is either modified by non-equilibrium effects, or exhibits a wavy pattern, caused by an under-abundance of impactors which have been removed by radiation pressure.
Key words: stars: early-type / planetary systems / circumstellar matter / stars: individual: β Pic
Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.
Figures 2, 6, Table 1 and Appendix are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2010
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