Volume 517, July 2010
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||04 August 2010|
Testing adiabatic contraction of dark matter in fossil group candidates
IRFU/Service de Physique des Particules – CEA/DSM – CNRS, Bât. 141, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 Laboratoire AIM, IRFU/Service d'Astrophysique – CEA/DSM – CNRS – Université Paris Diderot, Orme des Merisiers Bât. 709, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
3 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße, 85748 Garching, Germany
4 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
5 Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge MA, USA
Accepted: 28 April 2010
We present deep XMM-Newton observations and ESO WFI optical imaging of two X-ray-selected fossil group candidates, RXC J0216.7-4749 and RXC J2315.7-0222. Using the X-ray data, we derive total mass profiles under the hydrostatic equilibrium assumption. The central regions of RXC J0216.7-4749 are found to be dominated by an X-ray bright AGN, and although we derive a mass profile, uncertainties are large and the constraints are significantly weakened due to the presence of the central source. The total mass profile of RXC J2315.7-0222 is of high quality, being measured in fifteen bins from [0.075–0.75] R500 and containing three data points interior to 30 kpc, allowing comprehensive investigation of its properties. We investigate several mass models based on the standard NFW profile or on the Sérsic-like model recently suggested by high-resolution N-body simulations. We find that the addition of a stellar component due to the presence of the central galaxy is necessary for a good analytical model fit. In all mass profile models fitted, the mass concentration is not especially high compared to non-fossil systems. In addition, the modification of the dark matter halo by adiabatic contraction slightly improves the fit. However, our result depends critically on the choice of IMF used to convert galaxy luminosity to mass, which leads to a degeneracy between the central slope of the dark matter profile and the normalisation of the stellar component. While we argue on the basis of the range of /LR ratios that lower /LR ratios are preferred on physical grounds and that adiabatic contraction has thus operated in this system, better theoretical and observational convergence on this problem is needed to make further progess.
Key words: X-rays: galaxies: clusters / galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / galaxies: groups: general / dark matter
© ESO, 2010
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