Cold fronts in galaxy clusters*
INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, via E. Bassini 15, 20133 Milano, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 1 March 2010
Context. Cold fronts have been observed in several galaxy clusters. Understanding their nature and origin is extremely important for investigating the internal dynamics of clusters.
Aims. To gain insight into the nature of these features, we carry out a statistical investigation of their occurrence in a sample of galaxy clusters observed with XMM-Newton and correlate this occurrence with different cluster properties.
Methods. We selected a sample of 45 clusters starting from the B55 flux limited sample (Edge et al. 1990, MNRAS, 245, 559) and performed a systematic search for cold fronts.
Results. We find that a large fraction of clusters host at least one cold front. Cold fronts are easily detected in all systems that are manifestly undergoing a merger event in the plane of the sky, while the presence of these features in the remaining clusters is related to a steep entropy gradient, in agreement with theoretical expectations. Assuming that cold fronts in cool core clusters are triggered by minor merger events, we estimate a minimum of 1/3 merging events per halo per Gyr.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / X-rays: galaxies: clusters
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© ESO, 2010