Volume 514, May 2010
|Number of page(s)
|Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)
|07 May 2010
Substructure of the galaxy clusters in the REXCESS sample: observed statistics and comparison to numerical simulations
Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik,
85748 Garching, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 Laboratoire AIM, IRFU/Service d'Astrophysique – CEA/DSM – CNRS – Université Paris Diderot, Bât. 709, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
3 Dipartimento di Astronomia dell'Universitá di Trieste, via Tiepolo 11, 34133 Trieste, Italy
4 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK
5 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
6 University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
7 Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, 85748 Garching, Germany
Accepted: 3 February 2010
We study the substructure statistics of a representative sample of galaxy clusters by means of two currently popular substructure characterisation methods, power ratios and centroid shifts. We use the 31 clusters from the REXCESS sample, compiled from the southern ROSAT All-Sky cluster survey (REFLEX) with a morphologically unbiased selection in X-ray luminosity and redshift, all of which have been reobserved with XMM-Newton. The main goals of this work are to study the relationship between cluster morphology and other bulk properties, and the comparison of the morphology statistics between observations and numerical simulations. We investigate the uncertainties of the substructure parameters via newly-developed Monte Carlo methods, and examine the dependence of the results on projection effects (via the viewing angle of simulated clusters), finding that the uncertainties of the parameters can be quite substantial. Thus while the quantification of the dynamical state of individual clusters with these parameters should be treated with extreme caution, these substructure measures provide powerful statistical tools to characterise trends of properties in large cluster samples. The centre shift parameter, w, is found to be more sensitive in general and offers a larger dynamic range than the power ratios. For the REXCESS sample neither the occurence of substructure nor the presence of cool cores depends on cluster mass; however a weak correlation with X-ray luminosity is present, which is interpreted as selection effect. There is a significant anti-correlation between the existence of substantial substructure and cool cores. The simulated clusters show on average larger substructure parameters than the observed clusters, a trend that is traced to the fact that cool regions are more pronounced in the simulated clusters, leading to stronger substructure measures in merging clusters and clusters with offset cores. Moreover, the frequency of cool regions is higher in the simulations than in the observations, implying that the description of the physical processes shaping cluster formation in the simulations requires further improvement.
Key words: X-rays: galaxies: clusters / galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / cosmology: observations
© ESO, 2010
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