A high-resolution spectroscopic survey of late-type stars: chromospheric activity, rotation, kinematics, and age *,**
Departamento de Astrofísica y Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Centre For Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB, UK
Accepted: 5 February 2010
Aims. We present a compilation of spectroscopic data from a survey of 144 chromospherically active young stars in the solar neighborhood, which may be used to investigate different aspects of its formation and evolution in terms of kinematics and stellar formation history. The data have already been used by us in several studies. With this paper, we make all these data accessible to the scientific community for future studies on different topics.
Methods. We performed spectroscopic observations with echelle spectrographs to cover the entirety of the optical spectral range simultaneously. Standard data reduction was performed with the IRAF echelle package. We applied the spectral subtraction technique to reveal chromospheric emission in the stars of the sample. The equivalent width of chromospheric emission lines was measured in the subtracted spectra and then converted to fluxes using equivalent width-flux relationships. Radial and rotational velocities were determined by the cross-correlation technique. Kinematics, equivalent widths of the lithium line λ6707.8 Å and spectral types were also determined.
Results. A catalog of spectroscopic data is compiled: radial and rotational velocities, space motion, equivalent widths of optical chromospheric activity indicators from H & K to the calcium infrared triplet and the lithium line in λ6708 Å. Fluxes in the chromospheric emission lines and are also determined for each observation of a star in the sample. We used these data to investigate the emission levels of our stars. The study of the Hα emission line revealed two different populations of chromospheric emitters in the sample, clearly separated in the logFH\alpha/Fbol - (V-J) diagram. The dichotomy may be associated with the age of the stars.
Key words: Galaxy: stellar content / solar neighborhood / stars: late-type / stars: activity / stars: chromospheres
Based on observations made with the 2.2 m telescope of the German-Spanish Astronomical Centre, Calar Alto (Almería, Spain), operated jointly by the Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, and the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy; the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT), operated on the island of La Palma jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias; the Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias; with the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) operated on the island of La Palma by the Centro Galileo Galilei of the INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias; and with the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET) operated by McDonald Observatory on behalf of The University of Texas at Austin, the Pennsylvania State University, Stanford University, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, and Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database and VizieR catalog access tool, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France.
Tables A.1–A.4 and reduced spectra are also available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/514/A97
© ESO, 2010