Letter to the Editor
Observatoire Astronomique de l'Université de Genève, 51 Ch. des Maillettes, Sauverny, 1290 Versoix, Suisse e-mail: email@example.com
2 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Grenoble, Université J. Fourier, CNRS (UMR5571), BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
3 Laboratoire AIM, CEA Saclay-Université Paris Diderot-CNRS, DSM/Irfu/Service d'Astrophysique, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
4 Centro de Astrofísica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
5 ESO, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
Accepted: 18 March 2010
Context. The young active star BD +20 1790 has been inferred to host a substellar companion from radial-velocity measurements that detected the reflex motion induced on the parent star.
Aims. We attempt to completely characterize the radial-velocity signal in order to assess its nature.
Methods. We used the CORALIE spectrograph to obtain precise (~10 m s-1) radial-velocity measurements of this active star, while characterizing the bisector span variations. We took particular care to correctly sample both the proposed planetary orbital period, of 7.8 days, and the stellar rotation period, of 2.4 days.
Results. We measure a smaller radial-velocity signal (with peak-to-peak variations <500 m s-1) than reported previously, and of different amplitude for two different campaigns. A periodicity similar to the rotational period is found in the data, as well as a clear correlation between radial velocities and bisector span. These results imply that the radial-velocity variations of the star are photospheric in origin and not caused by a barycentric movement movement of the star, and contradict the previous detection of a hot-Jupiter.
Key words: instrumentation: spectrographs / methods: observational / techniques: radial velocities / planetary systems / stars: individual: BD +20 1790 / stars: activity
Based on observations collected with CORALIE echelle spectrograph mounted on the Euler 1.2 m Swiss telescope at La Silla, Chile.
Radial velocity data are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/513/L8
© ESO, 2010