Volume 508, Number 1, December II 2009
|Page(s)||221 - 228|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 October 2009|
Stockholm Observatory, AlbaNova Science Center, Department of Astronomy, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden e-mail: email@example.com
2 Nordic Optical Telescope, Apartado 474, 38700 Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
Accepted: 15 August 2009
Aims. We investigate the emission mechanism and evolution of pulsars that are associated with supernova remnants.
Methods. We used imaging techniques in both the optical and near infrared, using images with very good seeing (≤06) to study the immediate surroundings of the Crab pulsar. In the case of the infrared, we took two data sets with a time window of 75 days to check for variability in the inner part of the Crab nebula. We also measure the spectral indices of all these wisps, the nearby knot, and the interwisp medium, using our optical and infrared data. We then compared the observational results with the existing theoretical models.
Results. We report variability in the three nearby wisps located to the northwest of the pulsar and also in a nearby anvil wisp in terms of their structure, position, and emissivity within the time window of 75 days. All the wisps display red spectra with similar spectral indices (, , ) for the northwest triplet. The anvil wisp (anvil wisp 1) has a spectral index of . Similarly, the interwisp medium regions also show red spectra similar to those of the wisps, with the spectral index being , , while the third interwisp region has a flatter spectrum with spectral . The inner knot has a spectral index of . Also, based on archival HST data and our IR data, we find that the inner knot remains stationary for a time period of 13.5 years. The projected average velocity relative to the pulsar for this period is ≲.
Conclusions. By comparing the spectral indices of the structures in the inner Crab with the current theoretical models, we find that the Del Zanna et al. model for the synchrotron emission fits our observations, although the spectral index is at the flatter end of their modelled spectra.
Key words: ISM: supernova remnant
Based on observations made with the Nordic Optical Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias.
© ESO, 2009
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