Volume 507, Number 3, December I 2009
|Page(s)||1277 - 1289|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||01 October 2009|
Black hole growth and starburst activity at z = 0.6–4 in the Chandra Deep Field South*
Host galaxies properties of obscured AGN
Max-Planck-Institute for extraterrestrial Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, 1, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via Frascati 33, Monteporzio-Catone (Roma) 00040, Italy
3 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1 40127 Bologna, Italy
4 Max-Planck-Institute for Plasma Physics, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
5 Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
6 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
7 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
Accepted: 22 September 2009
Aims. The co-evolution of host galaxies and the active black holes which reside in their centre is one of the most important topics in modern observational cosmology. Here we present a study of the properties of obscured active galactic nuclei (AGN) detected in the CDFS 1 Ms observation and their host galaxies.
Methods. We limited the analysis to the MUSIC area, for which deep K-band observations obtained with ISAAC@VLT are available, ensuring accurate identifications of the counterparts of the X-ray sources as well as reliable determination of photometric redshifts and galaxy parameters, such as stellar masses and star formation rates. In particular, we: 1) refined the X-ray/infrared/optical association of 179 sources in the MUSIC area detected in the Chandra observation; 2) studied the host galaxies observed and rest frame colors and properties.
Results. We found that X-ray selected 1042 erg s-1) AGN show Spitzer colors consistent with both AGN and starburst dominated infrared continuum; the latter would not have been selected as AGN from infrared diagnostics. The host galaxies of X-ray selected obscured AGN are all massive ( > 1010 ) and, in 50% of the cases, are also actively forming stars (1/SSFR < ) in dusty environments. The median value of the active nucleus is between 2% and 10% depending on the assumed / ratio. Finally, we found that the X-ray selected AGN fraction increases with the stellar mass up to a value of ~30% at and > 3 1011 , a fraction significantly higher than in the local Universe for AGN of similar luminosities.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: starburst / X-rays: galaxies
© ESO, 2009
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