Volume 505, Number 1, October I 2009
|Page(s)||239 - 248|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||09 July 2009|
Interpreting the line-profile variations of subdwarf B pulsators: the case of PG 1336-018 (NY Virginis) *
Institute for Astronomy, K. U. Leuven, Leuven, Belgium e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Department of Astrophysics, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3 Nordic Optical Telescope, Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
4 Dr. Remeis-Sternwarte, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Bamberg, Germany
Accepted: 25 June 2009
Aims. We analyze the high-resolution time-resolved VLT/uves spectra of PG 1336-018, a rapidly pulsating subdwarf B (sdB) primary in a close orbit with an M5 companion, with the aim to detect the pulsational signal of the primary in line-profile variations.
Methods. After removing the dominant radial-velocity component inherent to the orbital motion and taking only out-of-eclipse data we computed cross-correlation functions (CCFs) for each individual spectrum and assumed these to approximate the average line profile. We computed predictions of line-profile variations for pulsating sdB stars and present their diagnostic value for mode identification.
Results. We detect the pulsation mode at 5435 μHz in the line-profile variations of the CCFs which allows us to characterize the detected pulsation mode of PG 1336-018.
Conclusions. We model the pulsational perturbations of synthetic spectra for a star with physical parameters like PG 1336-018 and confront them with the observed spectra. We find that low order Balmer lines can be used as diagnostic tool to identify pulsation modes. A detailed line-profile analysis of the perturbed time-series spectra excludes the = |m| = (3,3), (1,0), (2,1) and modes, but does not allow a unique mode identification among the radial or sectoral dipole or quadrupole modes.
Key words: subdwarfs / binaries: eclipsing / stars: variables: general / line: profiles / stars: oscillations / stars: individual: PG 1336-018
© ESO, 2009
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